Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik <p><strong>Fanik: Jurnal Faperta Uniki</strong> atau nama lain Journal of Agricultural and Tropical Animal Sciences merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang memuat hasil - hasil penelitian bidang pertanian dalam skala luas yang mencakup bidang Pertanian, Peternakan, Perikanan, dan Biologi Tanaman serta Biologi Hewan. Serta menyajikan informasi hasil penelitian dan artikel ilmiah untuk pembangunan pertanian berkelanjutan di Indonesia yang dipublikasikan secara elektronik. Fanik: Jurnal Faperta Uniki dikelola oleh Lembaga Pengabdian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (LPPM) dan diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Sains Pertanian dan Peternakan, Universitas Islam Kebangsaan Indonesia.</p> Fakultas Sains Pertanian dan Perternakan, Universitas Islam Kebangsaan Indonesia en-US Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2747-2299 EKSPLORASI KEANEKARAGAMAN SERANGGA HAMA PADA TANAMAN KEDELAI (Glycine max L.). http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/417 <p>Soybeans (<em>Glycine max</em> L.) are a type of legume that contains high protein and is also a source of fat, vitamins and minerals. The aim of this research is to determine the diversity of insect pests and natural enemies in soybean fields starting from the growth phase. The highest pest attack on soybean plants is the whitefly which attacks yellow bean plants almost on average. Apart from the stylek caterpillar, the spangle caterpillar can cause white spots on the leaves of soybean plants. Damage increases until the seed filling phase or when the plants are 60 HST. Insect net traps (Sweep Net) are used for flying insects both on the surface of the soil. The use of Yellow plate traps on soybean plants has an influence on catching pests on soybean plants where whitefly pests and natural enemies of the Coccinellidae family show that traps are effective in catching pests. , The use of pheromones can reduce losses due to Lepidoptera pest attacks. In agricultural systems, the use of semiochemicals is one of the important things in integrated biological control of pests</p> Cut Milatin Amalia Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.417 PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT ASAM GIBERELAT (GA3) TERHADAP RESPON RESPON PEMBERIAN ASAM GIBERELAT (GA3) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN RUMPUT GAJAH (Pennisetum Purpureum) http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/415 <table width="643"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="447"> <p><em>This research was carried out in Geulanggang Labu Village, Peusangan Selatan District, Bireuen Regency for 60 days starting from January - March 2023. This study aims to determine the effect of giving Gibberellic Acid (GA3) on the number of tiller growth, leaf length, and elephant grass plant height and to find out what percentage of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) is optimal for the growth of elephant grass. The design used in this study was a randomized block design (RBD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that giving gibberellic acid (GA3) in different amounts can increase the number of tillers, leaf length, and elephant grass plant height. The best concentration of gibberellic acid was found in the P3 treatment (0.75 ml/treatment).</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Ismuhardi Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.415 Trichoderma Harzianum pada Pengendalian Penyakit Layu Fusarium Tanaman Cabai (Capsicum annum L). http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/413 <p><em>Red chili (Capsicum annum L.) is a horticultural plant belonging to the Solanaceae family. Red chilies have high economic value. Chilies also have several nutritional contents such as protein, fat, carbohydrates, calcium, vitamins (A and C), making red chilies a commodity that people need as a cooking ingredient. The aim of this research is to determine the effect of administering the fungus Trichoderma Harzianum in suppressing the growth of fusarium wilt disease. The research results showed that the average disease incidence (%) was highest in Trichoderma Harzianum with the control type (22.91), while the lowest level of disease attack intensity was in the Trichoderma Harzianum treatment with a dose of 20g (16.66%) although statistically it was not different. evident with administration of other doses of Trichoderma Harzianum. The best Trichoderma Harzianum is found in a 10 gram dose of Trichoderma Harzianum. Trichoderma Harzianum has many advantages compared to control plants, therefore using Trichoderma Harzianum doses can increase production, both quantity and quality, as well as the level of resistance to attacks by plant pests and response to fertilization. The level of pathogen attack that occurs in the field is also very small, as can be seen from several samples that were observed, only a few plants were infected with the disease. Symptoms of attack caused by Trichoderma Harzianum on F. oxysporum were the entanglement of F. oxysporum hyphae by Trichoderma spp hyphae in a circle, then Trichoderma spp. secretes certain enzymes that cause damage to the chitin layer on the cell walls of F. oxysporum fungal hyphae, causing lysis.</em></p> mizan maulanaaa Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.413 Effect of Oxyfluorphene Herbicide on The Growth Of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril) http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/393 <p><em>The need for soybeans continues to increase from year to year linearly with the increase in population, while the production achieved has not been able to keep up with this need. The decline and low yields in soybean plants are influenced by various factors, including growth and development disorders caused by the presence of various weeds around the plants. The use of herbicides is the most common technique that is often used because it is considered to be effective and efficient in terms of energy, time and costs in the weed control process. The aim of this research was to see the effect of the herbicide oxyfluorfen on the growth of soybean plants. This research used a non-factorial Randomized Group Design (RAK) with 3 replications. The factors studied were the herbicide dosage which consisted of 4 treatment levels D0; 0 kg b.a ha-1, D1; 0.4 kg b.a ha-1, D2; 0.8 kg b.a ha-1 and D3; 1.2 kg b.a ha-1 was repeated 3 times to get 12 experimental units. The variables observed in this research were root dry weight and plant dry weight. The results of the research showed that the application of the herbicide oxyfluorfen affected the dry weight of soybean plants at 21 and 49 HST and the dry weight of roots at 21 and 35 HST</em><strong>.</strong></p> <p><strong>Key words: </strong><strong>Oxyfluorene herbicide, soybean plants, growth</strong></p> Yulis Untari Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.393 Analisis Kesuburan Tanah Tempat Tumbuh Tanaman Ubi Kayu (Manihot esculenta Crantz) di Kuta Cot Glie Aceh Besar http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/386 <table width="643"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="447"> <p><em>Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an important commodity in Indonesia, as an export ingredient and food crop which in some regions is used as a staple food. The distribution of cassava plants is very wide mainly due to the ability of this plant to adapt to different climates and soil conditions. Plant growth is largely determined by internal factors such as hormones, water balance and genetics, as well as external factors such as climate, temperature and soil nutrients. Soil nutrients are an important component in plant metabolism. This research aims to determine the nutrient content of the soil where cassava plants grow in Kuta Cot Glie, Aceh Besar. This research was carried out in two stages, the first stage was taking soil samples in the cassava root area using the composite method, and the second stage was laboratory analysis including the physical and chemical properties of the soil. The results of laboratory analysis showed that the cassava root soil had a dusty clay texture, had moderate organic C content (1,26%) and low total N (0,18%), pH was relatively neutral (6,81). Available P is classified as low (4,20 mg kg-1), while exchangeable K is classified as very high (1,46 cmol kg-1).</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Suri Raihan Safriani Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.386 Analysis Of The Potential Development Of Corn Production In Bireuen Regency http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/383 <p>One commodity that plays an important role in increasing food security is corn. This agricultural commodity is also known to support the economy of the people in Bireuen Regency. The productivity of corn plants before covid-19 was around 14.716 tons and increased to 20.595 tons in 2020. Productivity in corn plants continues to increase until 2022, when it will be around 41.005 tons. Potential corn production and future prospects for this crop in Bireuen Regency, determining potential for the development of corn cultivation, can be analyzed using trend analysis, namely linear regression. After analyzing using a simple linear regression method, the equation Y = -8267 + 3344*X is obtained. Based on this equation, the b coefficient obtained is 3344, which means that the amount of corn production has increased by an average of 3.344 tons per year. Based on the result of the analysis, it is predicted that corn product will decrease in 2023 to 35.209 tons and will increase again in the following year. In 2028, it is predicted that corn plants will produce a harvest of 51.931 tons.</p> Nur Halimatuz Zuhra Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.383 PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT ASAM GIBERELAT (GA3) TERHADAP PRODUKSI RUMPUT ODOT (Pennisetum purpureum Cv. Mott) http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/418 <p><em>This research was carried out in Geulanggang Labu Village, Peusangan Seulatan District, Bireuen Regency for 60 days starting from January - March 2023. This study aims to determine the effect of giving Gibberellic Acid (GA3) on the number of leaves, and odot grass production and to determine grass production. odot by administering Gibberellic Acid (GA3) at different levels. The design used in this study was a randomized block design (RBD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications. Based on the results of the study, it was shown that the effect of giving gibberellic acid (GA3) showed a very significant difference (P&gt;0.01) to the number of leaves and showed a significant difference (P&gt;0.05) to the production of odot grass. The highest average for each was found in the P3 treatment with a gibberellic acid percentage of 0.75 ml, which produced 10 leaves and 1.39 kg of grass production</em></p> Azmir Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.418 UJI PRODUKTIVITAS GALUR F7 HASIL PERSILANGAN SIKUNENG DAN IRBB27 PADA SISTEM BUDIDAYA ORGANIK http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/416 <p>Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the main commodity as food in Indonesia considering that rice is a commodity that has very high value from a social, political and economic perspective. It was recorded that the level of public rice consumption in Indonesia reached 124.89 kg/capita/year and was the third highest level in the world after China and India. Based on the problem formulation above, the research objective in this study is to determine the productivity of the F7 line in the organic cultivation system and to determine the growth results of the F7 line of rice plants in the vegetative phase. The lines tested with the comparison (Inpari 32 &amp; Ciherang) had a very significant effect on all the variables observed, the harvest index parameters showed that the candidate F8 rice line was not significantly different from the comparison variety (Inpari 32 &amp; Ciherang) but the Sikuneng, UB 7- 7 and UA 12 tend to have a higher harvest index, namely 0.7% strain. The best growth of rice plants was on Line P 05.</p> Hidayatullah Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.416 PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT ASAM GIBERELAT (GA3) TERHADAP RESPON PERTUMBUHAN RUMPUT ODOT (Pennisetum Purpureum Cv. Mott) http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/414 <p><em>This research was carried out in Geulanggang Labu Village, Peusangan Selatan District, Bireuen Regency for 60 days starting from January - March 2023. This study aims to determine the growth of odot grass with the treatment of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) and determine the concentration of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) use. ) in producing optimal odot grass production. The design used in this study was a randomized block design (RBD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the effect of giving gibberellic acid (GA3) in different amounts could not only increase the number of tillers, but also maintain the height of the odot grass plant. The best concentration of gibberellic acid was found in the P3 treatment (0.75 ml/treatment)..</em></p> iqbal Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.414 Respon Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Padi (Oryza Sativa L.) Pada Beberapa Dosis Fungi Mikoriza Arbuscular http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/412 <table width="643"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="447"> <p>Domestic demand for rice continues to increase every year due to population growth. One of the efforts that can be made to increase rice production is by applying arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. This study aims to determine the growth response and production of rice (Oryza sativa L) on several doses of mycorrhiza. the results were significantly different αfollowed by analysis of 5% BNJ. The results showed that rice varieties had a very significant effect on the number of panicles planted and yield potential per hectare, the treatment also had a significant effect on the observed harvest index. As well as no significant effect on other observations. the best variety was found in MR 219, mycorrhizal dose had a very significant effect on the number of rice panicles, 1000 grain weight and also the harvest index, but the mycorrhizal dose treatment had no significant effect on other observed variables. The best dose was found at 30 g/plant and there was a very significant interaction between rice varieties and mycorrhizal doses on several observations of tiller number, 1000 grain weight, harvest index and yield potential</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> fadil Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.412 Pengaruh NPK Mutiara dan Pupuk Kandang Kelinci Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea L.) http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/392 <table width="643"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="447"> <p><em>Groundnut (Arachis hipogeae L.) is a legume crop that is well known and cultivated in Indonesia. The main constraints. The main obstacles faced in efforts to increase productivity include inappropriate fertilizer application, less optimal plant maintenance. One of the efforts that can be done is to combine organic fertilizers and inorganic fertilizers, such as NPK Mutiara fertilizer and rabbit manure. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect and interaction of NPK Mutiara fertilizer and rabbit manure on the growth and production of peanut plants. This research was conducted in Paloh Village, Samalanga District, Bireuen Regency from May to September 2023. This study used a factorial pattern Randomized Group Design (RAK) with three replications, namely Factor 1: is the dose of NPK Mutiara fertilizer (N), consisting of: N0 = No NPK Mutiara fertilizer, N1 = 75 kg/ha (10.8 gr/plot), N2 = 150 kg/ha (21.6 gr/plot). Factor 2: is the dose of rabbit manure (K), consisting of: K0 = Without rabbit manure, K1 = 10 tons/ha (1440 gr/plot). 10 tons/ha (1440 gr/plot), K2= 20 tons/ha (2880 gr/plot). The variables observed were plant height, number of pods and 100 seed weight. The results showed that the application of pearl NPK fertilizer studied had a real effect at the age of 15 days after planting and had no real effect at 30, 45 days after planting, the number of pods and the weight of 100 seeds. The results showed that the application of rabbit jug fertilizer studied had a significant effect at the age of 45 days after planting and no significant effect at 15, 30 days after planting, the number of pods and 100 seed weight.</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> azizi Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.392 Feeding Behavior Feeding behavior of little egrets (Egretta garzetta) based on the number of male and female benchmarks in mangrove and wetland habitats http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/384 <p><em>Egretta garzetta</em> merupakan jenis burung air yang memiliki ukuran sedang, dibandingkan ukuran di dalam kelompoknya Panjang tubuhnya 60 cm. Memiliki kaki hitam yang ramping dan sangat panjang dan leher panjang yang membentuk huruf S. Hampir seluruh tubuhnya tertutup bulu berwarna putih. Penelitian yang berjudul “Perilaku Makan burung <em>Egretta garzetta</em> Berdasarkan Jumlah Patokan Jantan, Betina pada Habitat&nbsp; Mangrove dan lahan basah” telah dilaksanakan sejak bulan Mei s.d September 2023<strong>. </strong>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perilaku makan (jumlah patokan jantan, betina) dan jenis makanan yang dimakan burung Kuntul Kecil (<em>Egretta garzetta) </em>pada habitat Mangrove dan lahan basah. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode <em>focal animal sampling</em>. Data yang diperoleh ditampilkan dalam bentuk grafik, untuk melihat perbedaan jumlah patok (jantan, betina) dan jenis makanan yang dimakan antara dua habitat menggunakan uji t. Hasil penelitian rata-rata jumlah patokan burung <em>Egretta garzetta</em> di kawasan manggrove selama 10 hari tertinggi pada pukul 07.00-08.00 yaitu 39,8 sedangkan pada kawasan lahan basah pada pukul 07.00-08.00 yaitu 37,7. Rata-rata jumlah patokan burung Kuntul Kecil (<em>Egretta garzetta</em>) jantan selama 10 hari tertinggi terdapat pada pukul 07.00-08.00 yaitu 40 sedangkan pada burung <em>Egretta garzetta</em> betina terdapat pada pukul 07.00-08.00 yaitu 37,5. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah ditemukan perbedaan jumlah makan (berdasarkan jumlah patokan) oleh burung <em>Egretta garzetta</em> di habitat mangrove dan lahan basah dan terdapat perbedaan jumlah makan (berdasarkan jumlah patokan) oleh burung <em>Egretta garzetta</em> antara jenis kelamin jantan dengan betina di habitat mangrove dan lahan basah.</p> Erlita Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.384 The Potential Yield Hibrydization F7 Lines of Sikuneng and IRBB27 in Organic Systems http://jurnal.uniki.ac.id/index.php/fanik/article/view/381 <p>Usaha peningkatan produksi padi dan perbaikan sifat tanaman padi dapat dilakukan dengan kegiatan pemuliaan tanaman. Pemuliaan tanaman merupakan kegiatan yang dilakukan untuk memperbaiki sifat suatu tanaman dengan mengubah susunan genetic tanaman. Aceh merupakan daerah yang sangat kaya akan berbagai macam beras lokal yang harus dilindungi dan digunakan untuk kemajuan pembagunan pertanian yang nantinya akan membantu pemerintah dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan penduduknya. Penlitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui produktivitas galur F7 pada sistem budidaya organik. Galur yang digunakan adalah 8 galur F7 hasil persilangan, tetua jantan IRBB27 dan tetua betina sikuneng dan 2 varietas pembanding (Ciherang dan Inpari 32 HDB. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok dengan 3 ulangan, sehingga diperoleh 36 unit percobaan. Perlakuan terdiri dari 3 tanaman sampel yang diamati. Peubah hasil panen yang diamati adalah indeks panen dan potensi hasil. Pada karakter gabah yang diamati parameter jumlah gabah bernas galur UA 12 memiliki rata-rata jumlah berat 1000 butir yang lebih baik yaitu 22,7 yang berbeda nyata dengan galur lainnya dan pada karakter hasil panen yang diamati galur UA 12 juga merupakan galur yang memiliki indeks panen paling tinggi sedangkan pada parameter potensi hasil galur UC 8 adalah yang palin tinggi namun tidak berbeda nyata dengan galur UA 12.</p> Rika Yusli Harta Copyright (c) 2023 Fanik : Jurnal Faperta Uniki 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 4 2 10.1234/fanik.v4i2.381